Water

Water is used in all production cycle stages from exploration and production of hydrocarbons to the delivery of finished products to the consumer.

Our key approach to solving the issue of sustainable water use involves applying water recycling and reuse systems at the refineries’ production facilities and power generation facilities, both of which are major water users. We are also committed to the most efficient use of fresh water in our production and refining processes. Fresh water accounts for 59% of total water withdrawn by LUKOIL Group entitiesWithin the reporting boundaries of 2019..

As part of the corporate Environmental Safety Program, water resource management activities have been integrated into the «Clean Water» subprogram. To improve the water use system, the Company builds, renovates and re-equips water treatment and wastewater treatment systems.

In 2019, the following priority projects were implemented:

Renovation of biological treatment facilities at the Ukhta Refinery

Upgrades to biological treatment facilities at the Saratovorgsintez plant

The treatment (disposal) of wastewater from combined cycle plants and elimination of old settling basins of oil mine treatment facilities at LUKOIL-Komi

The construction and renovation of formation (produced) water treatment systems at LUKOIL-Perm

Water withdrawal

Our operations in Russia are carried out in regions that have ample water resources, with the exception of regions with high population density and concentrated economic activity in southern Russia (Astrakhan and Volgograd Regions, the Stavropol and Krasnodar Territories).

Among foreign countries, Uzbekistan and Iraq are classified as having low water levels. In these countries there are risks of frequent droughts, lack of drinking water and interruptions in the supply of clean water to the local population.

In Russia, around 84% of the volume of water withdrawal is taken by LUKOIL entities from surface and underground water sources. Water is mainly withdrawn from the Ob, Pechora, Volga, Don and Kuban river basins in accordance with respective permits and within established quotas.

In 2019, the volume of water withdrawal by Russian entities changed insignificantly compared to the 2018 level. The general indicators of water withdrawal and water consumption in Russia are significantly affected by the organization of the electric power industry. Water withdrawal by organizations of the business sector “Power Generation” accounts for about 69% of water withdrawal in Russian organizations and for about 44% of the volume of water withdrawal for LUKOIL Group.

Water withdrawal and consumption by LUKOIL Group entities, million cubic meters
2017 2018 2019
Water withdrawal across LUKOIL Group
Within the boundaries for 2018 449.8 464.0
Within the boundaries for 2019, including: 694.0
Russian entities 511.1 428.5 441.0
The share of electric power entities 331.9 297.7 303.6
Foreign entities (without ISAB and oil product supply entities) 21.3 23.0
  • ISAB
NA 229.9
  • Oil product supply entities
NA 0.1
Water consumption for own needs (household, industrial, other) by LUKOIL Group
Within the boundaries for 2018 374.4 379.0
Within the boundaries for 2019, including: 609.0
Russian entities 376.4 354.9 358.0
Foreign entities (without ISAB and oil product supply entities) 19.5 21.0
  • ISAB
NA 229.9
  • Oil product supply entities
NA 0.1
Other operations
LUKOIL Group, including: 34.5 28.9
Russian entities NA 34.5 28.1
Foreign entities (without ISAB and oil product supply entities) 0 0.8
  • ISAB
NA 0
  • Oil product supply entities
NA 0
Unused water transferred to third-party consumers by LUKOIL Group
LUKOIL Group, including: 40.9 56.1
Russian entities NA 39.1 54.9
Foreign entities (without ISAB and oil product supply entities) 1.8 1.2
  • ISAB
NA 0
  • Oil product supply entities
NA 0

Note. (1) Data on LUKOIL Group are published in the Report starting from calendar year 2018 (reporting year). (2) In 2018, the methodology for accounting for water use in Russian entities was improved by eliminating duplicate accounting for water used in intra-group transfers (between LUKOIL Group organisations). (3) Other operations include: formation water injected into absorbing underground formations; household wastewater received from other users by LLC LUKOIL-Ukhtaneftepererabotka and transferred to its treatment facilities.

Total water withdrawal by LUKOIL Group entities by water withdrawal sources, million cubic meters
2017 2018 2019
Water withdrawn, total in LUKOIL Group
Within the boundaries for 2018 449.8 464.0
Within the boundaries for 2019 694.0
Water withdrawn by water withdrawal sources, including:
1) from surface sources
Within the boundaries for 2018 287.0 290.0
Within the boundaries for 2019, including: 340.5
Russian entities, including: 297.7 267.6 269.7
  • sea water
NA 11.4 11.0
  • water from other surface sources
NA 256.2 258.7
Foreign entities, including: 19.4 70.8
  • sea water (without ISAB and oil product supply entities)
0 0
  • ISAB
NA 50.5
  • Oil product supply entities
NA 0
  • water from other surface sources (without ISAB and oil product supply entities)
19.4 20.3
  • ISAB
NA 0
  • Oil product supply entities
NA 0
2) from underground sources
Within the boundaries for 2018 99.0 102.3
Within the boundaries for 2019, including: 104.8
Russian entities, including: 76.1 97.1 99.7
  • fresh water
NA 64.7 61.2
  • other water
NA 32.4 38.5
Foreign entities, including: 1.9 5.1
  • fresh water (without ISAB and oil product supply entities)
0.04 0.04
  • ISAB
NA 2.5
  • Oil product supply entities
NA 0
  • other water (without ISAB and oil product supply entities)
1.9 2.6
  • ISAB
NA 0
  • Oil product supply entities
NA 0
3) from other sources (centralized water supply systems, etc.), including 63.8 248.7
Russian entities 155.3 63.8 71.6
Foreign entities, including: 0 177.1
  • without ISAB and oil product supply entities
- 0 0.1
  • ISAB
NA 176.9
  • Oil product supply entities
NA 0.1

Note. (1) Data on LUKOIL Group are published in the Report starting from calendar year 2018 (reporting year). (2) In 2018, the methodology for accounting for water use in Russian entities was improved by eliminating duplicate accounting for water used in intra-group transfers (between LUKOIL Group organisations). (3) Since 2019, the volume of water intake has been calculated with the release of data on sea water. (4) The data on the volume of water intake from underground sources includes formation water subsequently injected into the underground formations. (5) Water withdrawal from other sources includes wastewater from utilities taken and transferred to treatment facilities without use by Group organizations.