Oil and gas production companies in Russia account for the biggest share of air pollutant emissions across LUKOIL Group (over 75%), mainly due to APG flaring, along with power generating entities burning fuel for power and heat generation.
Key initiatives of the Environmental Safety Program aimed at reducing pollutant emissions include:
- replacement or upgrade of equipment, application of the best available technology at production sites;
- application of emission capture and treatment systems;
- upgrade and construction of new generation capacities in power generating entities with improved automated systems for regulating combustion processes, heat losses and minimization of pollutant emissions.
Gross emissions from LUKOIL Group entities decreased in 2019 by 6.9% (within the boundaries for 2018).
In 2019, there was a significant decline in hydrocarbon emissions across LUKOIL Group within the boundaries for 2018 (by 17.6% compared to 2018), chiefly driven by changes in the calculation of maximum allowable emissions from oil and gas companies in Russia. It was taken into account that a significant part of oil and oil product storage tanks operated without significant changes in the liquid level, thus minimizing the “breathing” of tanks«Breathing» of tanks means pressure fluctuations inside tanks for oil and oil product storage associated with the inflow or flow of liquid inside the tank («large breathing») or change in the ambient temperature («small breathing»). Changes in pressure inside the tanks affect the volume of vapor emissions of petroleum products..
In addition, emissions of sulfur dioxide by Russian oil and gas production entities dropped by 24,6% due to the commissioning of the gas section of an oil treatment facility at the Vostochno-Lambeyshorskoye field at LUKOIL-Komi in 2018. The field is characterized by high hydrogen sulfide content in formation products.
|Within the boundaries for 2018||451.3||420.3|
|Within the boundaries for 2019, including:||–||428.7|
|including by pollutant type:|
|Within the boundaries for 2018||49.4||47.3|
|Within the boundaries for 2019, including:||–||49.6|
|Within the boundaries for 2018||37.5||35.6|
|Within the boundaries for 2019, including:||40.8|
|solid particle discharges|
|Within the boundaries for 2018||14.9||15.0|
|Within the boundaries for 2019, including:||–||15.1|
|Within the boundaries for 2018||155.9||153.9|
|Within the boundaries for 2019, including:||–||154.6|
|Within the boundaries for 2018||73.9||60.9|
|Within the boundaries for 2019, including:||–||60.9|
|volatile organic compounds (VOC)|
|Within the boundaries for 2018||115.5||105.9|
|Within the boundaries for 2019, including:||–||105.9|
|emissions of other pollutants|
|Within the boundaries for 2018||4.2||1.7|
|Within the boundaries for 2019, including:||–||1.7|
Note. Data on LUKOIL Group are published in the Report starting from calendar year 2018 (reporting year).
|Total emissions, including:||502.5||433.3||402.3|
|emissions of solid substances||24.3||14.7||14.9|
|hydrocarbon emissions (including VOC)||187.8||188.3||165.7|
|emissions of other pollutants||1.2||4.2||1.3|
|Oil and gas extraction, kg/tonne of oil equivalent in extracted hydrocarbon resources||4.1||3.4||3.2|
|Oil refining, kg/tonne of refined oil||0.9||0.8||0.9|
|Petrochemicals, kg/tonne of processed raw materials||1.3||1.1||1.4|
|Oil product supply, kg/tonne of oil products sold||0.8||0.8||0.7|
|Transportation, kg/tonne of oil, oil products transported||0.1||0.2||0.2|
|Power generation, kg/tonne of oil equivalent in consumed fuel||2.6||2.9||2.9|